LWSD Impact Fees


This is going to be a long one, but there is A TON of information to wade through.  I’ve broken it down into sections to try to make it more palatable…

The Math:  

  • 3,581,495.06 (Impact Fees COR to LWSD) Jan. 2012 – Aug. 19 2015
  • 876,825 (Impact fees KC to LWSD) Jan. 2012 – Aug. 19 2015
  • $2,550,476 (Impact fees City of Kirkland to LWSD) Dec. 2011 – Nov. 2014

$7,008,796  Total Impact fees collected

661,400,000.00 (Bond monies approved 1998 – 2011)

$668,408,796.06 Total funds

12,000,000.00    Bond funds noted as unused

26,708    Number of enrolled students January 2015
24,912    Number of enrolled students in 2012

50 schools including “Choice”, STEM, Senior High, Middle and Elementary Schools

138 portable/temporary classrooms (maximum of 4,140 students capacity)

The Facts:

Redmond Ridge and surrounding areas are located in King County boundaries (not Redmond City Limits) and therefore receives impact fees from King County and not Redmond.  According to Janene Fogard (Deputy Superintendent of Operational Services), there is also a small section between Redmond and Kirkland off 132nd, east of the Redmond City boundary (Redmond Ridge) and some on the eastern section of Sammamish Plateau.  These areas in LWSD are covered by King County and are noted on the map called “King County Unincorporated Service Areas Map” linked below.

  • In 2015 King County adopted School Impact fees in LWSD of $9623 for each single family home and $745 per unit for multi-family homes.
  • Redmond’s impact fee structure is $6,302 collected for every NEW single family home and $207 collected for every unit in a multi-family building.
  • Kirkland’s impact fee structure for 2015 is $9,623 for every NEW single family home and $745 for every unit in a multi-family building.

Between January 1 2012 and August 19, 2015; the LWSD collected $3,581,495.06 ($3.5 MILLION) in impact fees from the City of Redmond and $2,550,476 from the City of Kirkland. During the same time period, LWSD collected $876,825 in impact fees from King County for the areas marked on the map.

Impact fees are calculated using per-student criteria explained in the Six-year Capital Facilities Plan:

“District wide statistics show that new single-family homes currently generate 0.3810 elementary student, 0.1170 middle school student, and 0.0950 senior high student, for a total of 0.593 school-age child per single family home (see Appendix B).

New multi-family housing units currently generate an average of 0.0490 elementary student, 0.0140 middle school student, and 0.0160 senior high student for a total of 0.0790 school age child per multi-family home (see Appendix C). Historically, the district has seen student growth accelerate in developments after five years.

The student generation factors (see Appendix D) were used to forecast the number of students expected from these developments.”

Between 1998 and 2011, LWSD has been approved for $661,400,000 ($661 MILLION) in bond funds from the voters.  Approximately $12 million was not used from the 2006 bond funds.

These bond funds have modernized 16 elementary schools (Audubon, Franklin, Juanita, Lakeview, Mann, Rose Hill, Thoreau, Twain, Kirkland, Bell, Frost, Keller, Muir, Rush, Sandburg and Carson); 3 Middle Schools (Redmond, Finn Hill and Rose Hill); 2 High Schools (Redmond and Lake Washington); 2 Choice schools (International and Community).

Additions to Redmond HS and Eastlake HS; and the new STEM school began construction through bond funds.

In 2002 the District listed total student population as 23,476 in 48 schools.  Some schools occupy buildings within other campuses; but the District listed 25 elementary schools, 7 Jr. High (now middle schools), 4 Sr. High and 12 “Choice” schools.

In 2012, the District Progress report listed total student population of 24,912 in a total of 50 schools; that figure increased to 26,708 by January 2015.

In 10 years, the District has built 3 new schools (Rosa Parks, Rachel Carson and STEM) and modernized 23.  They’ve also built additions at two high schools that were recently modernized (LWHS and RHS).

As of January 28, 2015 the District has 138 portable classrooms in District.  Although some properties have no temporary classrooms, Rosa Parks has 10 (built 2007); Wilder, Alcott Redmond High and Juanita High have 8; Kamiakin and McAuliffe have 7; Mead El. And Redmond Middle have 6.  Portable/temporary classrooms have a life of approximately 30 years.

In January 2015, LWSD School Board with the assistance of a Long-Term Facilities Planning Committee adjusted the boundaries for 4 Learning Communities to help alleviate over-crowding.  In the online report, LWSD states they have enrollment of 26,708 students.

The Opinion:

For the purpose of argument, let’s just take the amount of Impact fees for both King County and Redmond for the 42 months (Jan. 2012 – Aug. 19 2015).  $4,458,320.06   What skews these numbers a bit is that the Impact fees represent all of KC Impact fees for the area on the map, which may include Kirkland and other LWSD boundary schools.

City of Kirkland transmitted $908,409 for 2014; $1,173,380 for 2013; $468,687.00 for 2012 (see links below).  Total for those 36 months is $2,550.476.

Those numbers total $7,008,796 for roughly 3 years of impact fees.
In addition, $12 MILLION was not used from 2006 bond funds; and the District received $10 MILLION more in construction funds from the State.

Total funds available now equals $29 MILLION DOLLARS.

What has the district spent the majority of funds on?   TEMPORARY CLASSROOMS (a/k/a “portables”)!!!!!

  • $12.7 MILLION on 28 “green” temporary classrooms at 5 elementary schools, 2 middle schools and 1 High school.
  • Changes in teacher planning spaces and art/science/computer rooms in several schools; adding 35 classrooms total for $1 Million.
  • Permanent addition at Redmond Elementary school for 6 classrooms; $6.3 million.

LWSD has spent countless months through the “Long-Term Facilities Planning” committee to come up with a plan to ask for more money via bonds to build more schools.  Meanwhile they have thrown $13 MILLION dollars at portables and have approximately $10 MILLION of funds unspent.

LWSD estimates it takes between $30-35 million to construct and equip a new elementary school.

In 10 years, the District has built 3 new schools, modernized 23, built additions at two high schools and added countless temporary classrooms.  In those same 10 years the District has had access to $518.4 MILLION dollars through bonds; plus Impact fees of over $7 MILLION. 

In 10 years, the District could have built roughly 10 new schools (my estimates) with those funds.  Instead they’ve chosen to ‘modernize’ existing schools without increasing classroom counts, scatter temporary classrooms like seeds and continue to ask for more funds without sharing plans for the existing properties owned or proposals for new schools.

Currently the District owns several properties they could have built at minimum ONE school for the $29 MILLION they had available to them.  All of this could have been going on while a one-year Task Force ‘struggled’ with the ramifications of a decade of poor planning and execution by the District.

A new 254 page report was released November 10th with the Task Force’s strategies to address the problems. My hope is that the Long Term Facilities Planning committee and the LWSD School Board will be more mindful of their use and distribution of the funds they will be asking for in 2016.

Interesting notes from the Task Force report:


  • Page v:  Schools are grouped into 4 learning communities:  Juanita, Lake Washington, Redmond and Eastlake.  8 new schools (not remodel, replace or additions) are recommended within the 4 communities.
  • Page 9:  Graph representing facilities challenges 1998 – 2016.
  • Page 18:  Needs Scenarios (Table 4)
  • Page 43:  Funding Sources information and Impact fees

    That [state] assistance is available only once a school district has already put together the needed funding through a bond measure or other sources. The district has received between 8 percent and 12 percent of the cost of recent projects in state match funding, however, state funds are not guaranteed and are available only if the legislature provides adequate funding for schools that qualify.

Impact Fees: In Redmond, the impact fees in 2014 were $6,302 per single family residence and $207 per multi-family residence. A 100-home single family home development would generate about $630,000 in school impact fees while a 400-unit apartment complex would pay approximately $82,000. For comparison, it costs about $30-35 million to construct and equip a new elementary school.

  • Pages 50-65:  Explanation of each “Strategy Description”
  • Page 248 (Appendix L):  Facilities and undeveloped properties map (legend of map #’s here)


Long Term Facilities Planning Task Force Report

King County Auditor Special Report 2000-6  

LWSD Temporary Facilities Existing Conditions Jan. 2015

LWSD Boundary Change Process

Paige’s Prattle April 2014 on # of schools built, money spent, etc.

King County Unincorporated Service Areas Map 

2015 Adopted School Impact Fees (King County) Lake Washington #414

Impact and Mitigation Fees for King and Snohomish Counties (includes schools, transportation, Parks, Fire)

Six-year Capital Facilities Plan 

Paige’s Prattle January 2014 on Impact Fees  

Paige’s Prattle January 2015 is a review of more Bond posts

Kirkland Reporter December 2014 Increase Impact fees 

City of Kirkland Washington Impact fees Council Packet

Request by LWSD to City of Kirkland to collect Impact Fees

Kirkland Impact Fee chart (page 2)

2013 Impact Fees City of Kirkland to LWSD

2011, 2012 Impact Fees City of Kirkland to LWSD

LWSD Repurposing Modernization funds

Funding for New Schools 

September 2014 LWSD Short Term Housing release 

Funding sources for LWSD including Bonds, impact fees, state construction assistance.

Coming soon!!!  My first Council Study Session; Getting involved in the City Administration and maybe even a movie review on “Spectre”.


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